Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum

Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum is located in the middle of the Purple Mountains of Nanjing. Sun Yat-sen is greatly honored as the main pioneer of the China democratic revolution and a great patriot in late 19th century and early 20th century. Following the liver cancer death and last wish of Sun in 12th March, 1925 in Beijing, his mausoleum site was settled in Nanjing--the capital site of the democratic revolution. The mausoleum construction lasted for three years and ended in the spring of 1929 when Sun's remains were eventually entombed after being transferred from Beijing.

The mausoleum covers an area of 85,000 square meters and is in a big bell shape which echoes to Sun's uncompleted wish of alerting and rousing the mass people to carry on the revolution cause. Facing the south and backed by the mountain, the mausoleum structures set along the axis including the square, memorial archway, the mausoleum gate, the tablet pavilion, the sacrificial hall and the coffin chamber. 8 platforms and 392 steps lead the memorial archway to the coffin chamber. This layout is interesting when you look up from the bottom, only endless steps can be seen, but when look down from the top, only the platforms can be seen. At the end of the stairway, a tri-arched marble gate with Sun's inscription "Tian Xia Wei Gong" (means what is under heaven is for all) and Tablet Pavilion with Kuomingtang memorial monument can be seen before the Sacrificial Hall where the marble-cut-out Sun's statue stands in the center and the vault at the north holds a white marble coffin with a resting statue and Sun's remains buried right deep down.

Greenery-embraced Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum can contribute to a relaxing outdoor day tour together with its attraction group parts at Purple Mountain like the Ming Tombs, Linggu Temple, etc.